My primary research interests are bioethics and political philosophy, especially their intersections (which I'd call the 'ethics of health policy'). I would explain this as an interest in the norms surrounding health and healthcare, in individual and collective contexts. Included questions range from those about patient autonomy to those about the just distribution of healthcare. I'm particularly interested in paediatric bioethics, which looks at the norms surrounding the health and healthcare of children. These days, I am thinking about the epistemic obligations healthcare providers have to their paediatric patients as 'knowers' or 'reasoners'. 

Children are a hard case for moral & political philosophy. On one hand, we have clear obligations to promote their interests and protect them even if they may not want us to (as my parents did during phases of adolescent rebellion). On the other hand, children are persons with emerging autonomy, thus worthy of respect. Therefore, the line between paternalism and freedom is unclear. This is particularly challenging in healthcare contexts: are children cognitively well-developed enough to have a say in their treatment, and if so how much of a say should they have? Similarly, when are parents, physicians, and institutions allowed to act coercively on their behalf? I suspect that empirical brain data about children will have something to say about this, but I reserve judgment for now.

My secondary interests are broad and diverse, but all pertain to value theory about health and healthcare in one way or another. They include public health ethics, environmental ethics, just war theory, and social epistemology. We have become increasingly aware of the so-called "social determinants of health", or the ways in which various socio-economic and political factors impact health outcomes for individuals and populations. War, poverty, pollution, etc., make us sicker. How should public institutions conduct themselves, in legitimate ways, to address these considerations?


Articles (Selected)
(1) "Vaccine Ethics: Mandatory Vaccine Programs and Individual Liberty." (with Michelle Huang) Duke Medical Ethics Journal 4 (2022): online print.
(2) "The Pen and the Sword: Comparing Kantian and Marxist on Social Progress." Polis 8 (2021): 28-33.
(3) "Special Obligations and Moral Psychology." Accepted in University of Chicago Philosophical Review.
(4) "Towards a Perfectionist Account of Human Rights." Accepted in Perspectives on Ethics.

Philosophy for a Public Audience
(1) "Change is Hard. Can We Make It Easier?" Substack (2024): online print.
(2) "Kant, Law, & War: In Conversation with Arthur Ripstein." Noēsis 23 (2022): 82-97.
(3) "The Ethics of the Batman: Should Batman Kill the Joker?" The Zeitgeist (2021): online print.

Papers Under Review/In Progress
Titles omitted to preserve blind review. Email me if you want any drafts as they become available.
- A paper on the just distribution of healthcare (under review in the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry).
- A paper on epistemic injustice in healthcare contexts (in progress).
- A paper on the philosophy of childrearing (in progress).

Presentations, Symposia, Talks

* = Invited
(1) θεωρία and εὐδαιμονία in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Socrates Project Seminar, University of Toronto, October 2022
(2) Towards a Perfectionist Account of Human Rights, Ethics, Healing, & Reconciliation, University of Toronto Centre for Ethics, July 2022
(3) The Fact of Reason in Kantian Metaethics, Undergraduate Philosophy Research Conference, University of Toronto, April 2022
(4) A Kantian Argument Against Watching Pornography, Trinity College Undergraduate Research Conference, Trinity College, March 2022
(5) Art and Reason: Art as a Philosophical Tool, Annual Falsafa Symposium, University of California Irvine, February 2022 (*)
(6) Locke on Natural Law and Natural Rights, Undergraduate Research Conference, University of Toronto, February 2022
(7) Special Obligations and Moral Psychology: A Case Against Utilitarianism, National Collegiate Research Conference, Harvard University, January 2022